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Age Related Macular Degeneration

 One of the biggest Retina Clinic in Haryana. Experience the Trust: Where Cutting-Edge Technology Meets 16+ Years of Retina Expertise.

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5000+ Per Year Total Diabetic Retinopathy Patients at LJ Eye Institute.


Patients from Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, & Rajasthan, trusts LJEI.

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LJEI is equipped with all the latest and rare Machines / Technology including AI.


We preserve every single case study to handle any complex situation and publish research papers time to time.


What is Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition and a leading cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older. It affects the macula, which is the central portion of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision that allows you to see objects straight ahead clearly.

There are two main types of AMD:

1. Dry AMD (Non-Neovascular AMD): This is the more common form of AMD, characterized by the gradual breakdown of light-sensitive cells in the macula. It may progress slowly over time and cause blurred central vision or a blind spot in the center of the visual field.
2. Wet AMD (Neovascular AMD): This type of AMD involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels beneath the macula. These vessels can leak blood and fluid, causing rapid damage to the macula and leading to distorted or blurry central vision.

Why To Choose LJ Eye Institute For Age Related Macular Degeneration Treatment?

The institute employs state-of-the-art imaging technologies like optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein angiography (FA) to precisely diagnose and monitor AMD progression. These technologies allow for early detection of pathological changes, facilitating timely intervention.

LJ Eye Institute utilizes PDT, a targeted laser treatment combined with a light-sensitive medication, to selectively destroy abnormal blood vessels in the eye while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

LJ Eye Institute specializes in minimally invasive surgical procedures for advanced AMD cases, such as vitrectomy. These procedures aim to remove scar tissue, repair retinal damage, and improve visual outcomes.

What Happens in the Eye in AMD?
The most common form is dry AMD, wherein light-sensitive cells in the macula (part of the retina that processes central vision) gradually break down.

Occurring much less frequently, wet AMD happens when abnormal blood vessels start to grow beneath the retina, leaking fluid and blood into the surrounding area. Since this fluid backup can cause distortion, wet AMD is much more dangerous.

Wet macular degeneration always begins with dry AMD. But dry AMD does not always lead to wet AMD. (Dry AMD does not mean dry eyes; the name just indicates that wet AMD is not present.)

Symptoms to Watch Out For AMD?
Some of the signs and symptoms of dry and wet macular degeneration are the same or similar. They include dark spots in your vision and distortions or bends in what would normally be straight lines.

One of the main differences is that symptoms of dry AMD come on gradually, if they’re noticed at all, while symptoms of wet AMD appear suddenly — although they may be preceded by symptoms of dry AMD.

Signs and symptoms of dry AMD, include the following:

  • Smudges or dark spots appear in your vision, especially in the morning
  • Colors appear faded
  • Bright lights are irritating
  • You have difficulty adjusting your vision when you go from dark to light environments
  • Straight lines appear to bend
  • When you read, words tend to disappear
Signs and symptoms of wet AMD
  • Straight lines appear to bend.
  • You have blurry central vision or a blind spot anywhere in your field of vision.
  • You have difficulty adjusting your vision when you go from dark to light environments.
  • You have difficulty seeing fine detail without a very bright light.
  • You experience trouble with face recognition.
How Is AMD Diagnosed?
In early stages, dry macular degeneration may not cause symptoms, but an eye doctor can see signs of the disease during an exam. Therefore, it’s important to go for an annual eye exam so it can be caught early on.

Both types are diagnosed by using tests that can reveal changes in the macula and retina. Such tests include:

  • Visual field test: You will be asked to look at a grid of straight lines with a dot in the middle, called an Amsler grid, to see if any lines look wavy or broken, and if the center dot is obscured.
  • Eye exam with dilation: Your doctor will put drops in your eyes that widen your pupils, then observe your retina using a special lens.
  • Fluorescein angiography: After injecting a yellow dye called fluorescein into a vein in your arm, your doctor can observe the dye as it travels through blood vessels in the eye, revealing any macula leakage.
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT): This diagnostic tool takes photos of the back of the eye, including the retina and macula. No dye or other medication is necessary.
  • Optical coherence tomography angiography: Using the OCT device, this imaging method uses laser light reflection in place of fluorescein to produce 3D images of blood flow through the eye.
How long does age-related macular degeneration last?
The general timeline for the progression of dry AMD from the initial diagnosis to significant vision loss is usually over several years, often within 10 years. However, with the right treatment, many AMD patients can reduce the risk of significant vision loss and preserve their vision for many years.
What age range is most affected by macular degeneration?
Health care providers are not sure what causes AMD. The condition is rare before age 55. It occurs mostly in people 75 years or older.
What does age-related macular degeneration lead to?
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that affects a person’s central vision. AMD can result in severe loss of central vision, but people rarely go blind from it. Risk factors for AMD include being 50 and older, smoking, having high blood pressure and eating a diet high in saturated fat.
Can macular degeneration be cured?
There’s no cure for macular degeneration. Starting treatments early can slow the progression of the disease and make symptoms less severe. Even with successful treatments, symptoms often return.
Can you live a normal life with macular degeneration?
You’ll probably need to make some changes and adjustments to make life a bit easier with vision loss, but most people can live independently with AMD.
Is sunlight bad for macular degeneration?
Excessive sun exposure has been proposed as a risk factor for age related macular degeneration (AMD), but this has not been supported by published studies.

AMD Specialist Dr. Ruchi Mittal

Performed 3000+ Cornea Transplant Surgeries

My Approach

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Cornea Surgeon Dr. Vikas Mittal

What is Macula? Macula and its problems explained

आंख के पर्दे के ऑपरेशन के बाद किन बातों का ध्यान रखना चाहिए?

Symptoms of Age Related Macular Degeneration

Blurry or fuzzy vision

Difficulty recognizing familiar faces

Straight lines appear wavy

A dark, empty area

blind spot appears in the center of vision

Loss of central vision

AMD In Numbers

Diabetic Retinopathy

Green LASER Operations

Anti VGEF Injections

OCT Tests

Our Retina Specialist, Dr. Ruchi Mittal is an alumna of the esteemed Sankara Nethralaya

Most Advanced Zeiss Clarus Angiography 

LJ Eye Institute is the only Eye Hospital equipped with most advanced Zeiss Clarus High Resolution Fluorescein Angiography technique for Diabetic Retinopathy Patient. The examination of the eye’s retina will no longer require the insertion of medicine and waiting for an hour for the pupil to dilate, thanks to modern technology. 

Technology @ LJEI

Technology Available For Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment at LJEI

LJ Eye Institute employs ultra-advanced technologies for Diabetic Retinopathy Procedures.

  • ZEISS Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Systems
  • ZEISS Clarus 700 | Fundus Photography
  • Argon LASER
  • Green LASER
  • Intraocular Injections
  • Low-energy laser pulses
  • YAG laser

Still Have Questions?


Cornea Patients Feedbacks

I have operated of my sister(chetna) eye Injection by Dr Ruchi Mittal under STAR insurance from LJEye Institute,Ambala. Dr Ruchi Mittal is a best Retina doctor. Insurance team is a best team of LJ. Staff is best. Thankyou.

Dev Bhola

cracker injury and retina problem taking treatment from dr. ruchi mittal. she makes us so comfortable and provide us best treatment. my son feeling better. cooperative staff and clean environment.

Love Preet

I’m taking treatment for retina problem from dr. Ruchi Mittal. She is the best doctor for retina. I’m happy. Everything is good in this hospital staff and all.

Renu Goel

Its a great experience here and such a nice staff here as my mother have retinal surgery done by Mrs. Ruchi Mittal

Samir Talwar

I had visited lj eye institute ambala for retina checkup and it’s really fruitful. Thank u Dr. Ruchi mittal.

Shallu Lakra

My retina treatment is going good here.dr. ruchi Mittal is best doctor for retina in haryana.

Shama Sharma